Is there any evidence of ancient Earthquake Early Warning?

Volcanic eruptions and seismic activy have long existed since the formation of our planet. Upon recent decades archaeologists have found that ancient cultures also knew about frecuent ocurrence of natural disasters and therefore came up Earthquake- Resistant Construction techniques as mentioned by J. M. Driessen for Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians in 1987.

This is the case for the Minoan civilization who flourished in the Middle Bronze Age on the island of Crete located in the eastern Mediterranean from c. 2000 BCE until c. 1500 BCE. By the early 20th century, the archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans was first person to uncover thr ruins of a highly developed civilation. Upon his many discoveries, it has been found that the first palaces were constructed around 2000 BCE and, following destructive earthquakes and fires, rebuilt again c. 1700 BCE. These second palaces survived until their final destruction between 1500 BCE and 1450 BCE, once again by either earthquake, fire, or possibly invasion (or a combination of all three).

The palaces were well-appointed, monumental structures with large courts, colonnades, ceilings supported by tapered wooden columns. The lack of windows, the size of the rooms, roof and floor construction, and the presence of partition walls, all indicate of the vast knowledge of natural disasters in the area and therefore helped improve the anti-seismic capability of Minoan houses. By developing cornices ring beams, and wooden frames as flexible construction material ‘Villa of the Lilies’ at Amnissos is a clear example of the this highly developed construction technique during the Bronze Age in Crete.

As mentioned before, Dr. Driessen believes that with frequency of these earthquakes, Minoans not only implemented Earthquake- Resistant Construction techniques but also developed earthquake prevention mechanisms that were later used throught Aegen Sea as architectural koiné in earthquake-stricken areas in the ancient Mediterranean and Near East, and much later implemented by the Romans.

 

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